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Facts about Romania

Romanian Traditional Costume
Romania, a member of the EU since 2007, is still an insider tip as a tourist destination. Romania has the ninth largest surface area and the seventh largest population (19.53 million inhabitants) of all Member States of the European Union.

Discover interesting cities, great nature and friendly people.

Learn more about Romania's history, climate & weather and browse our travel guide to increase your anticipation of your trip to Romania.


The Weather

Monthly mean temperatures
Monthly mean temperatures
Romania is a all year-round destination. However, popular visiting times are from late April to early July and from late August to late October due to the generally mild and pleasant temperatures.

Summers can be hot, especially in southern Romania, including Bucharest, but along the Black Sea coast sea breezes offer moderate temperatures. In summer, the Black Sea coast is a popular holiday destination for many tourists, so most beaches are crowded especially at the end of the week. The health resorts and the higher areas are warm and pleasant in summer and are especially suitable for active tourists.

Winters can be very cold, especially in the mountains and snow is widespread throughout the country from December to mid-March. From December to mid-April, skiers can practice their favourite sport in the Carpathian Mountains.


Rumänische Münzen (Bani)
Rumänische Münzen (Bani)
Photo: Emilian Robert Vicol, CC0,
Romania's currency is the Romanian leu ([lew], plural: Lei[lej], in English: Lion). It is divided into 100 Bani.

The name of the currency is attributed to the fact that in the 17th century Dutch lion talers circulated in the Romanian principalities.

Credit cards, especially Visa and MasterCard, can be used throughout the country. Only in remote regions and villages you should have sufficient cash as the small shops do not use card readers.

Check here out the official exchange rate by the Romanian National Bank (B.N.R.). You can exchange your money at exchange offices or just withdraw the needed amount from a ATM (check your bank exchange rate before!)

Traveling by Car

Winterlandschaft in Rumänien
Winterlandschaft in Rumänien
Photo: Szabolcs Molnar, CC0,
To drive in Romania you need a valid EU driver license. In addition, the vehicle documents (see link if you are not a EU citizen). For EU visitors, a green insurance card is not obligatory but helps to communicate quickly in the event of an accident, otherwise check car insurance validity link.

To be carried in the car:

  • Two warning triangles
  • High-visibility vest
  • First aid kit
  • Fire extinguishers


Road Tolls

The Romanian national road network is subject to a charge for motor vehicles, with the exception of motorcycles. The electronic vignette "Rovinieta" is required and is sold at border crossings, petrol stations and online:


Fuel supply

The following petrol station chains can be found in Romania: Petrom, ÖMV, Rompetrol, Lukoil, MOL, BP

Gasoline is called "benzina", diesel is "motorina" and LPG is GPL.


Speed limits

The speed limits applicable in Romania are as follows:

  • Inner cities 50 km/h
  • Out of town 90 km/h
  • Highways or roads marked with E (European roads) 100 km/h
  • Motorway 130 km/h


Do not Drink&Drive

Romania has a blood-alcohol limit of 0.0 per mille.



Traveling by Air

Bucharest - Henri Coandă Airport
Bucharest - Henri Coandă Airport
Photo: Cristian Bortes, CC BY,
Romania is connected to the world flight network by a large number of airlines. The "Henri Coandă" (Bucharest) airport is the largest one, followed by "Avram Iancu" (Cluj-Napoca), "Traian Vuia" (Timișoara) and the airport from Iași.


Enclosed we have compiled an overview of most of the airlines flying to Romania. Some of the airlines operate according to the so-called "codesharing" procedure, i.e. they use the same aircraft. For specific flight information, the airlines themselves are the best contacts: 

  • A: Aegean Airlines, Aeroflot, Air Bucharest, Air Canada Rouge, Air France, Air Malta, Air Moldova, Air Serbia, Arkia, AtlasGlobal, Austrian Airlines
  • B: Blue Air, Bluebird Airways, British Airways
  • C: Croatia Airlines, Czech Airlines
  • E: El Al, Ellinair, Eurowings
  • F: flydubai
  • I: Iberia Express, Israir Airlines, KLM
  • L Laudamotion, LOT Polish Airlines, Lufthansa
  • P: Pegasus Airlines
  • Q: Qatar Airways
  • R: Ryanair
  • S: Scandinavian Airlines, SunExpress, Swiss International Air Lines
  • T: TAP Air Portugal, TAROM, Turkish Airlines
  • V: Vueling
  • W: Windrose Airlines, WizzAir

Traveling by Train

Train in Romania
Train in Romania
Photo: Ciprian Neculai, CC BY,
A journey by train is an authentic experience to get to know a country better. In Romania, the train ride guarantees contact with the country's population, along with a portion of adventure.

In large parts of the country (depending on the selected route) the infrastructure has not yet been modernised, so longer travel times and outdated wagons are to be expected. 

From Germany you can reach the Romanian capital Bucharest with one change in Vienna or Budapest.

From Budapest there are direct trains to Brasov, Sibiu, Timisoara and Cluj. Budapest can be reached by direct trains from most European big cities. Due to the length of the route, there is usually a night trip needed.


Bicycle Transport

Bicycles which cannot be dismantled may only be transported in trains with spaces specially provided for the transport of bicycles. A single bicycle per person is permitted.

Interregio trains (IR) which allow passenger transport by bicycle can be found at the ticket offices of CFR Călători or in the online timetable. Current information can be found on


Traveling by Bus

Bus & Busfahrer
Bus & Busfahrer
Photo: Eugen Visan, CC0,
There are direct bus connections from many European cities to the major cities in Romania.

More well-known companies that offer bus services are: Eurolines, Balint-Reisen, Atlassib, Pletl and most recently Flixbus. 

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